Partial thickness facial burns are very common especially among c

Partial thickness facial burns are very common especially among children. This study compares the effect of standard moist open technique management and a moist closed technique for partial thickness burns of the face.\n\nPatients and methods: Patients with partial-thickness facial burns admitted in the burn Nepicastat price unit, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt in the period from April 2009 to December 2009 were included in this study. They were divided into two groups to receive either open treatment with MEBO (R) (n = 20) or coverage with Aquacel (R) Ag (n = 20). Demographics (age, gender, ethnicity, TBSA, burn areas), length of hospital stay (LOS), rate of infections, time to total healing, frequency of dressing

changes, pain, cost benefit and patient discomfort were compared between the two groups. The long-term outcome (incidence of hypertrophic scarring) was assessed for up to 6 months follow-up period.\n\nResults: There were no significant differences in demographics between the two groups. In the group treated with the Aquacel (R) Ag, the mean time for re-epithelialization was 10.5 days, while it was 12.4 days in the MEBO (R) group (p < 0.05). Frequency of changes, pain and patient discomfort were less with Aquacel (R) Ag. Cost was of no significant

difference between the two groups. Scar quality improved in the Aquacel (R) Ag treatment group. Three and 6 months follow-up was done and long-term outcomes were recorded in both groups.\n\nConclusion: ACY-241 Moist occlusive dressing (Aquacel (R) Ag) significantly improves the management GPCR Compound Library mouse and healing rate of

partial thickness facial burns with better long-term outcome compared to moist open dressing (MEBO (R)). (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.”
“P>A dramatic shift in the durability and reliability of ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy is taking hold due to the newer generations of continuous flow VADs that are either in clinical trials or under consideration by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for commercial approval. To expand the pool of potential mechanical circulatory support (MCS) patients, device reliability will need to prove to be greatly enhanced over previous generations of VADs and functional capacity and quality of life will need to improve substantially over baseline. Improved patient selection should have the simultaneously beneficial effects of improving outcomes while expanding the MCS patient population. The critical factors determining the likelihood of expansion of the MCS field include, but are not limited to, improvements in technology and its reliability, training and education of all advanced heart failure caregivers, improving availability of MCS geographically, and a shift in patient selection to a population more likely to benefit from MCS therapy. (J Card Surg 2010;25:421-424).”
“Objectives: The first total hip replacement (THR) in Nigeria was performed in 1974.

88, 95% CI 2 44-3 41) For those with an ISS >= 16, the OR was

88, 95% CI 2.44-3.41). For those with an ISS >= 16, the OR was 6.53 (95% CI 4.07-10.47). For patients 55 years JQEZ5 mw and older, 52% of nontrauma patients were triaged to the trauma center versus 59% of FTTA positive

and 64% of patients with ISS >= 16 (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.93-1.15). Patients 55 years and older with an ISS >= 16 had only a slightly increased triage effect (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.08-2.58) compared with those with an ISS 0 to 15 (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.89-1.12).\n\nConclusions: Whereas FTTA appropriately triaged patients 15 to 54 years old to the trauma center, those 55 years old and older were much less likely to be triaged correctly. The reasons for this finding remain unknown, and further studies are needed to investigate and improve elderly triage.”
“Very few cases of mosaic trisomy 13 combined with a monosomy X have been reported. It can be assumed that this website most likely the zygote was 47,XX,+13 and 2 chromosomes (13 and X) were lost simultaneously during an early postzygotic division. Here, we reported a 3-year-old girl with mosaicism of trisomy 13 and monosomy X. The child had a short neck, hypertelorism, depressed nasal ridge, epicanthal fold, mid-facial hypoplasia, thin upper lip, long philtrum, ear anomalies, postaxial polydactyly, atrial septal defect, hydronephrosis, and sensorineural

hearing loss. Her weight and length were consistently below the fifth centile. She demonstrated global developmental delay when evaluated at 10 and 16 months. The range of developmental quotients (DQs) was from 0.6 to 1.1; the personal-social part was the best, and gross motor development was the worst. When evaluated at VS-6063 clinical trial 31 months, the DQs of motor development were from 0.52 to 0.69, the object manipulation subscale was 0.52, the visual-motor integration subscale was

0.59 and the mental DQ was 0.52. Her social-behavior part was the best, language was the worst and the DQs had dropped with growth. Conclusion: This is a case report of global development in a girl with mosaicism of trisomy 13 and monosomy X. The majority of physical anomalies observed tend to be mild and non-life threatening. Her DQs dropped with growth, and the language and mental development were significantly delayed after 30 months.”
“Species in the Myrtaceae family are used in folk medicine to treat gastrointestinal disorders, infectious diseases and hemorrhagic conditions and are known for their essential oil contents. Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to characterize the chemical composition of essential oils of the leaves, stem bark and flowers of Myrcia tomentosa (Aubl.) DC., as well as to assess the chemical variability in the constituents of the essential oils of the leaf. Soil and foliar analyses were also performed to determine the mineral compositions.

A gradual increase of wound fluid nitrates, NO(x) and malondialde

A gradual increase of wound fluid nitrates, NO(x) and malondialdehyde suggested the increases of both NO and free oxygen radicals production. Interestingly, wound fluid nitrites peaked at the first day decreasing to the corresponding plasma levels thereafter.

Wound fluid nitrite to nitrate molar ratio gradually decreased and negatively correlated both with the number of apoptotic cells (r = -0.752, p < 0.05) and malondialdehyde (r = -0.694, p < 0.05) levels. In conclusion, the inversely proportional relation between nitrite to nitrate molar ratio and both malondialdehyde and apoptotic cell number indicated a mutual relationship between NO metabolism, AZ 628 oxidative cell damages and cell apoptosis at the wound site early after the cutaneous wound. Moreover, the obtained findings suggest that measurement of both nitrites and nitrates contribute to better insight into overall wound NO metabolism. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Scytalidium dimidiatum selleck compound is mainly responsible for human skin and nail infections but the mould has also been reported for invasive infections in immunocompromised individuals. We report a young immunocompetent individual diagnosed with

invasive non-traumatic Scytalidium dimidiatum infection involving the left orbital cavity and maxillary sinus.”
“The objective of the study was to assess the feasibility and outcome of laparoscopic surgery for management of extremely large ovarian cysts using the SAND balloon catheter. From January 2006 to December 2009,25 patients with large cystic adnexal tumors underwent laparoscopic-assisted surgery using the SAND balloon catheter. Median (range) patient age was 43 (20-68) years, body mass index was 25 (19-32), mass size was 26 cm (15-60 cm), duration of the surgical

procedure was 60(30-300) minutes), and blood loss was 30(10-100) mL. There were no major surgical complications. Intra-abdominal leakage of cyst fluid was observed in only 1 case (4%). With proper patient selection, the SAND balloon catheter can be extremely useful in laparoscopic removal of very large adnexal masses, without intraperitoneal spillage. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (2011) 18,779-784 (C) 2011 AAGL. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: The purpose selleck kinase inhibitor of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of arthroscopic suture fixation for tibial eminence fractures in adults. Methods: Twelve patients with a mean age of 29.9 years (range, 18 to 45 years) were prospectively followed up after arthroscopic suture fixation for tibial eminence fractures. Along with clinical examination, Lysholm, Tegner, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) rating scales were used to evaluate the patients. Anteroposterior knee laxity was measured with a Rolimeter (Aircast, Vista, CA), and range of motion was measured with a goniometer. Results: Patients were followed up for a mean of 50 months (range, 25 to 69 months).

“Background: Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransfe

“Background: Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) belongs to the protein arginine methyltransferase family. CARM1 has been reported to be associated

with high grade tumors in breast cancer. It still remains unknown the expression pattern of CARM1 in breast cancer and its relationships with clinicopathological characteristics and molecular subtypes.\n\nMethods: Two hundred forty-seven invasive breast cancer cases were collected and prepared for tissue array. There were thirty-seven tumors with benign glandular epithelium adjacent to the tumors among PND-1186 ic50 these cases. Molecular subtype and CARM1 expression were investigated using immunohistochemistry.\n\nResults: Cell staining was observed in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus. Staining for CARM1 was significantly stronger in adenocarcinoma compared with adjacent benign epithelium. There is a significant correlation between CARM1 overexpression with young age, high grade, estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) negative, increased p53 expression, and high Ki-67 index. Our study demonstrated CARM1 overexpression was associated with an increase in the protein expression of HER2. Furthermore, our data indicated CARM1-overexpression rate

were remarkably higher in HER2 subtype (69.6%), luminal B subtype (59.6%) and TN subtype (57.1%) compared with luminal A subtype (41.3%).\n\nConclusions: CARM1 expression PF-04929113 chemical structure AR-13324 chemical structure was increased in invasive breast cancer. CARM1 overexpression was associated with poorly characterized clinicopathologic parameters and HER2 overexpression. There were significant differences between different molecular subtypes in their relationship to CARM1 overexpression. Our results support the value of using

CARM1 in prognostic stratification of breast cancer patients and its potential therapeutic implications in targeting treatment.”
“The incidence of invasive fungal infection has increased significantly. A majority of the infections is caused by yeast. Clinically important yeast show species-specific differences in susceptibility to antifungal agents therefore rapid and accurate identification of the pathogen is essential. We aimed to validate pyrosequencing of 40 nucleotides in the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) for species identification of yeast. Amplification of ITS2 and pyrosequencing of targeted region were performed in 940 clinical isolates of yeast. A local database containing the 40 nucleotide ITS2 sequences of 33 species of medically important yeast was generated using published sequences of type strains. The sequencing results were searched against the local database using the BLAST algorithm to identify the species of yeast. The length of sequences obtained from pyrosequencing averaged between 4061 nucleotides.

20 (OS), P = 0 23 (DFS)] Subset analysis (n = 420) on vinorelbin

20 (OS), P = 0.23 (DFS)]. Subset analysis (n = 420) on vinorelbine-cisplatin gave similar results.\n\nConclusions: The prognostic effect of high TUBB3 expression in patients

with R-NSCLC has been validated. We were unable to confirm a predictive effect for TUBB3.”
“Rationale, aims and objectivesLoss of situation awareness (SA) by health professionals during handover is a major threat to patient safety in perinatal care. SA refers to knowing what is going on around. Adequate handover communication and process may support situation assessment, a precursor of SA. This study describes current practices and opinions of perinatal handover to identify potential improvements.\n\nMethodsStructured direct observations of shift-to-shift patient handovers (n=70) in an academic perinatal setting were used to measure handover communication (presence and order of SB203580 levels of SA: current situation, background, assessment and recommendation) and process (duration, interruptions/distractions, eye contact, active inquiry and reading information back). Afterwards, receivers’ opinions of handover communication (n=51) were measured by means of a questionnaire.\n\nResultsAll Liproxstatin-1 supplier levels of SA were present

in 7% of handovers, the current situation in 86%, the background in 99%, an assessment in 24% and a recommendation in 46%. In 77% of handovers the background was mentioned first, followed by the current situation. Forty-four percent of handovers took 2 minutes or more per patient. In 52% distractions occurred, in 43% there was no active inquiry, in 32% no eye contact and in 97% information was not read back. The overall mean of the receivers’ opinions of handover communication was 4.1 (standard deviation0.7; scale 1-5, where 5 is excellent).\n\nConclusionsPerinatal handovers are currently at risk for inadequate situation assessment because of variability and limitations in handover communication and process. However, receivers’ opinions of handover communication were very positive, indicating a lack of awareness of patient safety threats during handover. Therefore, the staff’s awareness

of current limitations should be raised, for example through video reflection or simulation Alvocidib training.”
“A large skull is disadvantageous to animals that move quickly in three-dimensional space, such as fishes and birds in water or air. A cerebral neocortex with a six-layered sheet has not evolved, most likely due to the limited cranial space. Instead of the laminar cortex, telencephalic nuclear masses seem to have evolved as the pallium in teleost fishes. We consider that the nuclear masses contain rather simple neural circuits sharing a skeleton of simple circuits in the mammalian cortex, which have been elaborated by additional circuits in mammals. Such basic similarities at the connectional level shared by nuclear and cortical pallium might underlie similar or equivalent functions.

The spatially explicit insights into patterns of cropland change

The spatially explicit insights into patterns of cropland change and in particular into hotspots of change derived from multiple methods provide useful information for decision-makers.”
“We first employ multi-scale time asymmetry (MSA) to analyze typical chaotic signals from Schuster maps and indicate that the MSA method can characterize the distinct time asymmetry of chaotic time series. Then we propose a modified MSA method, i.e., multi-scale weighted time asymmetry, and a novel time asymmetry index to investigate fractal Brownian motion signals and demonstrate its effects on discriminating between fractal signals with different Hurst exponents. Considering that the dynamic behavior of slug flow exhibits

chaotic features, we apply the MSA method to analyze experimental signals from a gas-liquid hypoxia-inducible factor pathway two-phase flow and find that slug flow presents a unique time asymmetric structure. In addition, we further explore the mechanism this website leading to the formation of time asymmetry in terms of adaptive optimal kernel time-frequency representation. The results suggest that the MSA method can be a useful tool for detecting the complex flow structure underlying a gas-liquid two-phase flow.”
“The association of

arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) with the roots of Lindenbergia philippensis (Cham.) Benth., sampled from a Zn-contaminated settling pond at a zinc smelter, significantly enhanced Zn accumulation (72,540 +/- A 5,092 mg kg(-1) dry weight) in rhizosphere sediment amended with 1,000 mg L-1 of Zn sulfate solution compared to fungicide-treatments that suppressed AMF colonization. This can be explained by a significant proportion of Zn being found in rectangular crystals that were associated with the root mucilaginous sheath. Despite this, all treatments maintained KPT-8602 in vivo the same Zn coordination geometry in both Zn oxidation state and the coordinated neighbouring atoms. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) showed a Zn(II) oxidation state as a

core atom and associated with six oxygen atoms symmetrically arranged in an octahedral coordination and coordinated with sulfur. The results may indicate a role for AMF in enhancing Zn immobilization in the rhizosphere of indigenous plants that successfully colonize Zn mining and smelting disposal sites.”
“Motivation: DOOSS (Data Overlaid On Secondary Structures) is a tool for visualizing annotated secondary structures of large single-stranded nucleotide sequences (such as full-length virus genomes). The purpose of this tool is to assist investigators in evaluating the biological relevance of secondary structures within particular sequences.”
“BACKGROUND: The AEBP1 (adipocyte enhancer binding protein) gene has two isoforms: AEBP1, the shorter of the two isoforms, and Aclp (aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein). Aclp-/- mice demonstrate a ventral wall defect that is similar to gastroschisis in humans.

The synthetic solutions possessed the same composition in these i

The synthetic solutions possessed the same composition in these inhibitory compounds as diluted effluents from olive oil mill and winery industries. The process was performed in a laboratory scale digester containing anaerobic sludge from the Urban Reclamation Station of Toledo (Spain). The comparison of both individual factors and interactions between factors showed that the addition of olive oil at moderate concentrations (up to 0.5% w/w) did not change the performance of the process in comparison with that observed when feeding to the system a model solution (51.5%

COD removal, Bromosporine molecular weight 0.65 L biogas day(-1)). However, low concentrations of ethanol or phenol (250 and 150 mg L(-1), respectively) almost completely inhibited the methanogenic phase. Moreover, a strong interaction between ethanol and phenol concentrations on COD removal was observed.\n\nCONCLUSION: The experimental results showed quantitatively the importance of some Rabusertib research buy inhibitory compounds on anaerobic

treatment of both synthetic solutions and real wastewaters from olive oil mill and winery industries. Inhibitory effects are closely related to both the organic loads and the anaerobic bioreactor used. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Objective: Perimenopausal women are at high risk for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) diseases. In the present study, the expression of VIP in the vaginal epithelium of 70 perimenopausal women was correlated with the severity of POP with or without SUI.\n\nMaterials and Methods: Seventy biopsy specimens from the anterior vaginal epithelium were obtained from postmenopausal patients. Immunohistochemical labeling

for vasoactive intestinal MI-503 mouse peptide (VIP) and hematoxylin and eosin staining were performed. The VIP innervation was then compared between eight patient groups. Semiquantitative analysis of VIP protein by Western blotting was performed and compared between the eight patient groups.\n\nResults: The results of the immunohistochemical study showed that the intensity of VIP-immunoreactivity (VIP-ir) in the eight groups was as follows (in decreasing order): Control; POPI; POP II; POP II + SUI; POP HI; POP IV and POP lit + Sill; and POP IV + SUI. The intensity of VIP-ir was obviously weak and similar among the POP IV, POP In + SUI, and POP IV + Sill groups. This result was validated by the Western blotting analysis. The level of the VIP peptide also deceased in POP patients and was as follows (in decreasing order): Control; POPI; POP II and POP II + SUI; POP III and POP III + Sill; and POP IV and POP IV + SUI.

Results – Based on RT-PCR of 13 AQPs examined, AQP1, 3, 4, 5

\n\nResults. – Based on RT-PCR of 13 AQPs examined, AQP1, 3, 4, 5 and 11 were expressed in human gastric cancers

or normal gastric tissues, and AQP3, 4 and 5 exhibited differential expression between human gastric carcinomas and corresponding normal tissues, which was confirmed by Western blot analyses. lmmunohistochemical assay showed that AQP4 protein was expressed mainly in the membrane 3-deazaneplanocin A order of parietal cell and chief cell in the normal gastric mucosa, and absent in carcinoma tissues. AQP3 and AQP5 were detected remarkably stronger in the carcinoma tissues than that in normal mucosa by immunofluorescence. AQP3 expression in cases with undifferentiated tumor was more than that in cases with well-differentiated tumor. Both AQP3 and AQP5 expression were associated with lymph node C59 molecular weight metastasis and lymphovascular invasion in patients.\n\nConclusions. – These findings of differential expressions of AQPs and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics implicated AQPs

might play a role in human gastric carcinogenesis. (C) 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Reproductive functions can be modulated by both stimulatory and inhibitory primer pheromones released by conspecifics. Many stimulatory primer pheromones have been documented, but relatively few inhibitory primer pheromones have been reported in vertebrates. The sea lamprey male sex pheromone system presents an advantageous model to explore the stimulatory and inhibitory primer pheromone functions in vertebrates since several pheromone components have been identified. We hypothesized that a candidate sex pheromone component, 7 alpha, 12 alpha-dihydroxy-5a-cholan-3-one-24-oic acid (3 keto-allocholic acid or 3kACA), exerts priming effects through the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. To test this hypothesis, we measured the peptide concentrations and gene expressions of lamprey gonadotropin releasing hormones (lGnRH) and the HPG output in immature male sea lamprey exposed to waterborne 3kACA. Exposure to waterborne 3kACA altered neuronal activation

Galardin concentration markers such as jun and jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and lGnRH mRNA levels in the brain. Waterborne 3kACA also increased lGnRH-III, but not lGnRH-I or -II, in the forebrain. In the plasma, 3kACA exposure decreased all three lGnRH peptide concentrations after 1 h exposure. After 2 h exposure, 3kACA increased lGnRH-I and -III, but decreased lGnRH-II peptide concentrations in the plasma. Plasma lGnRH peptide concentrations showed differential phasic patterns. Group housing condition appeared to increase the averaged plasma lGnRH levels in male sea lamprey compared to isolated males. Interestingly, 15 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (15 alpha-P) concentrations decreased after prolonged 3kACA exposure (at least 24 h). To our knowledge, this is the only known synthetic vertebrate pheromone component that inhibits steroidogenesis in males.

“Background Primary care is an ideal setting to treat ped

“Background. Primary care is an ideal setting to treat pediatric obesity. Effective, low-intensity ( smaller than = 25 contact hours over 6 months) interventions that reduce standardized body mass index (z-BMI) and can be delivered by primary care providers are needed. Objective. This pilot randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of 3 low-intensity ( smaller than = 25 contact

hours Blebbistatin mw over 6 months) pediatric obesity treatments on z-BMI. Methods. Twenty-two families (children 8.0 +/- 1.8 years, z-BMI of 2.34 +/- 0.48) were randomized into 1 of 3, 6-month, low-intensity conditions: newsletter (N), newsletter and growth monitoring (N + GM), or newsletter and growth GS-1101 concentration monitoring plus family-based behavioral counseling (N + GM + BC). Anthropometrics and child eating and leisure-time behaviors were measured. Results. Mixed-factor analyses of variance found a significant (P smaller than .05) main effect of time for z-BMI and servings per day of sugar sweetened beverages, with both decreasing over time. Conclusion.

Low-intensity obesity treatments can reduce z-BMI and may be more feasible in primary care.”
“The PTH receptor (PTHR1) is expressed on osteoblasts and responds to PTH or PTHrP in an endocrine or autocrine/paracrine manner, respectively. A microarray study carried out on PTHR1-positive osteoblasts (Kusa 4b10 cells) identified the cysteine-X-cysteine (CXC) family chemokine ligand 1 (Cxcl1) as a novel immediate PTH/PTHrP-responsive gene. Cxcl1 is a potent neutrophil chemoattractant with recognized roles in angiogenesis and inflammation, but a role in bone biology has not been described. Cxcl1 mRNA levels were up-regulated 1 h after either PTH or PTHrP treatment of differentiated Kusa 4b10 osteoblasts (15-fold) 3-deazaneplanocin A and mouse calvarial osteoblasts (160-fold) and in rat metaphyseal bone (5-fold) 1 h after a single sc injection of PTH. Furthermore, PTH treatment stimulated a 10-fold increase in secreted Cxcl1

protein by both Kusa 4b10 cells and calvarial osteoblasts. Immunohistochemistry and PCR demonstrated that CXCR2, the receptor for Cxcl1, is highly expressed in osteoclast precursors (hemopoietic cells) but is predominantly undetectable in the osteoblast lineage, suggesting that osteoblast-derived Cxcl1 may act as a chemoattractant for osteoclast precursors. Confirming this hypothesis, recombinant Cxcl1 dose-dependently stimulated migration of osteoclast precursors in cell culture studies, as did conditioned media from Kusa 4b10 cells treated with PTH. These data indicate that local action through the PTHR1 could stimulate cells of the osteoblast lineage to release a chemokine capable of attracting osteoclast precursors to the bone environment.

Low baseline CD4 cell count < 100 cells/L was significantly re

Low baseline CD4 cell count < 100 cells/L was significantly related with HIV-related ophthalmic manifestations and CMV retinitis at presentation (P < 0.013). 105 patients were followed for 6 months or more and the mean follow-up was 4.8 years. There was no significant change

in visual acuity compared with baseline (P = 0.13). 20 (19.0%) patients had one eye with final visual acuity of 20/200 or worse and the leading cause for poor vision was CMV retinitis. 11 learn more (10.5%) patients died during the follow-up due to complications of HIV/AIDS. The presence of HIV retinal microangiopathy was significantly associated with mortality (P = 0.005).\n\nConclusions:\n\nCMV retinitis remains the main HIV-related ocular disease in the post-HAART era. HIV retinal microangiopathy might be an important prognostic factor for mortality. Appropriate ophthalmic monitoring is justified to detect for ophthalmic complications in HIV

patients regardless of HAART use in order for prompt initiation of treatment.”
“In this paper, the issue of designing an iterative-detection-and-decoding CDK assay (IDD)-aided receiver, relying on the low-complexity probabilistic data association (PDA) method, is addressed for turbo-coded multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems using general M-ary modulations. We demonstrate that the classic candidate-search-aided bit-based extrinsic log-likelihood ratio (LLR) calculation method is not applicable to the family of PDA-based detectors. Additionally, we reveal that, in contrast to the interpretation in the existing literature, the output symbol probabilities of existing

PDA algorithms are not the true a posteriori probabilities (APPs) but, rather, PR-171 research buy the normalized symbol likelihoods. Therefore, the classic relationship, where the extrinsic LLRs are given by subtracting the a priori LLRs from the a posteriori LLRs, does not hold for the existing PDA-based detectors. Motivated by these revelations, we conceive a new approximate Bayesian-theorem-based logarithmic-domain PDA (AB-Log-PDA) method and unveil the technique of calculating bit-based extrinsic LLRs for the AB-Log-PDA, which facilitates the employment of the AB-Log-PDA in a simplified IDD receiver structure. Additionally, we demonstrate that we may dispense with inner iterations within the AB-Log-PDA in the context of IDD receivers. Our complexity analysis and numerical results recorded for Nakagami-m fading channels demonstrate that the proposed AB-Log-PDA-based IDD scheme is capable of achieving a performance comparable with that of the optimal maximum a posteriori (MAP)-detector-based IDD receiver, while imposing significantly lower computational complexity in the scenarios considered.