Species were found harbouring
all the tested substrates, except C. albicans and C. krusei that were not found in Zc disc specimens. Mean percentages (%) of the five target species are summarised in Fig. 6. The most incident species in the MPT group and the Zc group was C. glabrata, found in 83.34% and 16.67%, respectively. In the CPT group, species were more homogeneously distributed. C.glabrata, C. krusei and C. tropicalis were recorded in 79.17% of samples, against 75.00% for C. albicans and 70.84% for C. dubliniensis. The total microbial incidence was significantly different among groups (p = 0.007). The Zc group showed the lowest percentage of incidence when compared to MPT (p < 0.05) Quizartinib and CPT (p < 0.01) groups. MPT and CPT did not show differences in total incidence (p > 0.05). Bacterial and fungal species colonising dental implant sulci have been widely reported in healthy MK0683 and diseased subjects.12 and 18 Recently, the adhesion of micro-organisms, especially bacteria, has been investigated
on the different substrate surfaces. However, such investigations are scarce or still lacking in the applied literature information on the Candida spp. adhesion on dental implant substrates. We conducted this study to assess the Candida biofilm formation on titanium or Zc substrates. Zc has been successful in implantology mainly due to your aesthetic propriety. DNA checkerboard hybridisation was performed to identify and quantify five different species of Candida. The surface roughness of substrates and the total amount of formed biofilm over these surfaces were also evaluated. The mean rates of surface roughness recorded in
our study were similar filipin to the same type of surface described in other studies. Average means range from 0.15 up to 0.30 μm.24 and 25 In consequence, high percentages of biofilm covering were observed for all the tested substrates in both anterior and posterior regions of disc placement. Over 80% up to 91% of total disc area was covered by biofilm after 24 h of oral cavity exposure. No significant differences in the total amount of biofilm were detected between tested materials. Despite these high rates of total formed biofilm, no correlation between biofilm could be detected in relation to the different substrates as the Zc group presented the highest mean roughness when compared to MPT and CPT groups. In terms of cell count, the CPT group showed the highest mean of total cell count than MPT and Zc groups. Similarly to biofilm formation, in our study, the highest surface roughness does not seem to have a relevant impact on Candida spp. adhesion in Zc specimens. Overall, all the target species were found in lower counts in Zc specimens when compared with MPT and CPT groups. Region of disc placement did not show differences in cell count and incidence of species. C. glabrata was the most incident species recovered from tested materials.