Surgical outcomes of the laparoscopic cohort (n = 65) were compar

Surgical outcomes of the laparoscopic cohort (n = 65) were compared with the outcomes of those who had laparotomy (n = 67) at general gynecologic surgery units, and evaluated with respect to indication for surgery, medical comorbidity and obesity. Laparoscopic surgery was attempted in women who accepted minimally invasive management and who had no absolute contraindications to laparoscopy. Surgical inclusion criteria were benign and malignant uterine and adnexal pathologies; benign uterine pathologies when uterine size

was less than 18 weeks’ gestation or myoma smaller than 10 cm; malignancies in apparent early-stage disease. There was no attempt to use laparoscopy for tumor debulking and cytoreductive surgery. Exclusion criteria were patients with emergency operations or a concomitant urogynecologic procedure. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test, chi(2) testing and the Fisher exact test. Results: Patients undergoing laparoscopy had a significantly shorter hospital stay (p smaller than 0.001), less intraoperative bleeding

(p smaller than 0.001), less postoperative hemoglobin decline (p smaller than 0.001), less need for blood transfusions (p = 0.007) and a generally lower incidence of complications compared to women who had laparotomy, BV-6 clinical trial regardless of medical comorbidity. Obese patients who had laparoscopy had significantly less intraoperative bleeding and a smaller postoperative hemoglobin drop; no adjunctive complication was observed. In patients over 70 (80 cases) the laparoscopic group (39 cases) maintained significantly less intraoperative bleeding (p smaller than 0.001) and a smaller hemoglobin drop (p smaller than 0.001) with respect to laparotomy, with few postoperative complications. Conclusions: According to the results of the study, laparoscopic surgery appears feasible and safe in elderly patients, regardless of medical comorbidity and obesity. (C) 2013 Elsevier

Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Prochilodus lineatus (curimbata), from the Procholodontidae family, this website is a Brazilian freshwater fish, which is important commercially, nutritionally and ecologically. It is encountered in the Rio da Prata Bay in Southern South America. Studies on the immune system of this fish are scarce, but the physiological mechanisms of the species are analogous to those of other vertebrates. Thus, this work discusses the present study, which correlates P. lineatus leukocytes and the generation of reactive oxygen species after modulatory stimuli. Leukocytes were characterized by light and electron transmission microscopy and investigated by the generation of H2O2 and O-2 (-), using phenol red, flow-cytometry and electron transmission histochemistry.

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