Compared to sham-operated animals, IL-2 content was increased

\n\nCompared to sham-operated animals, IL-2 content was increased 13-fold GSK461364 (P < 0.01) 24 h post MI and

16-fold (P < 0.01) 6 days post MI in the infarction area as well as 2-fold (P < 0.05) 6 days post MI in the non-infarction area. Despite similar infarct sizes, LV function and remodeling were ameliorated in IL-2 fusion protein-treated ischemic rats, indicated by improved LV pressure (LVP), contractility (LVdP/dt(max)) and relaxation (LVdP/dt(min)) at all three time points. LV collagen content as a surrogate parameter for remodeling and IL-1 beta expression as a marker for myocardial inflammation were reduced in the non-infarcted LV, but not in the LV infarction area compared to vehicle-treated controls.\n\nLV contractile dysfunction after experimental MI is improved after treatment LY2835219 supplier with an IL-2-IgG2b fusion protein. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“This paper describes the biomechanics of an unusual form of wing stridulation in katydids, termed here ‘reverse stridulation’. Male crickets and katydids produced sound to attract

females by rubbing their fore-wings together. One of the wings bears a vein ventrally modified with teeth (a file), while the other harbours a scraper on its anal edge. The wings open and close in rhythmic cycles, but sound is usually produced during the closing phase as the scraper moves along the file. Scraper-tooth strikes create vibrations that are subsequently amplified by

wing cells specialised in sound radiation. The sound produced is either resonant (pure tone) or non-resonant (broadband); these two forms vary across species, but resonant requires complex wing mechanics. Using a sensitive optical diode and high-speed video to examine wing motion, and Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) to study wing resonances, I describe the mechanics of stridulation used by males of the neotropical katydid Ischnomela gracilis (Pseudophyllinae). Males sing with a pure tone at ca.15 kHz and, in contrast to most Ensifera using wing stridulation, produce sound during the opening phase CDK inhibitor of the wings. The stridulatory file exhibits evident adaptations for such reverse scraper motion. LDV recordings show that the wing cells resonate sharply at ca. 15 kHz. Recordings of wing motion suggest that during the opening phase, the scraper strikes nearly 15,000 teeth/s. Therefore, the song of this species is produced by resonance. The implications of such adaptations (reverse motion, file morphology, and wing resonance) are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Priming effects have been well documented in behavioral psycholinguistics experiments: The processing of a word or a sentence is typically facilitated when it shares lexico-semantic or syntactic features with a previously encountered stimulus.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>